Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS)

Boy Pointing

Multi-Tiered System of Supports, (previously RTI) is a framework designed to bring together general, special, compensatory, and gifted education with the goal of providing a comprehensive, proactive, and unified system of education to meet the needs of, and improve results for, all students (Graden & Murphy 2008).

Essential components of an integrated multi-tiered framework include: leadership and teaming at all levels, use of collaborative problem-solving, integrated assessment and data collection systems to inform all decisions, positive school climate, family/parent and community engagement and scientifically based instructional practices. It is critical for leadership teams to ensure that culturally responsive practices are embedded, and that positive behavioral interventions and supports are implemented, within a comprehensive MTSS framework.

For more information, see: Culturally Responsive Practices and Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports.



Center on Response to Intervention

Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy SkillsFlorida’s Multi-Tiered System of SupportsKansas Multi-Tiered System of SupportsRTI Action NetworkMichigan’s Integrated Behavior and Learning Support Initiative


A Multi-State Perspective on MTSSMulti-Tiered System of Supports: Innovation Configuration Matrix (ICM)Integration of MTSS and RTI

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